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The Metaphysics of Brain Death
The dominant conception of brain death as the death of the whole brain constitutes an unstable compromise between the view that a person ceases to exist when she irreversibly loses the capacity for consciousness and the view ...
Toward a Virtue-Based Normative Ethics for the Health Professions
Virtue is the most perdurable concept in the history of ethics, which is understandable given the ineradicability of the moral agent in the events of the moral life. Historically, virtue enjoyed normative force as long as ...
Proxy Decision Making for Incompetent Patients: An Ethical and Empirical Analysis
Conclusions: The recent trend has been to rely on proxy decision making for incompetent patients. Support for proxy decision making has failed to acknowledge the growing body of ethical and empirical research suggesting that ...
Guidelines for Nursing Homes Raise Some Questions
In June 1983, a task force appointed by the Minnesota Board on Aging issued a set of guidelines designed to improve the process of making decisions about when to provide "supportive care," i.e., "care and treatment to ...
Comments on Ethical Protocol
Double Jeopardy and the Use of QALYs in Health Care Allocation
The use of the Quality Adjusted Life-Year (QALY) as a measure of the benefit obtained from health care expenditure has been attacked on the ground that it gives a lower value to preserving the lives of people with a ...
The Illusion of Patient Choice in End-of-Life Decisions
Over the past two decades a societal consensus has developed around the principle that decisions about life-sustaining treatment should be guided by patient self-determination. According to the President's Commission, ...
Figh Islami va padeideh shabieh sazi = Cloning and Islamic (Figh) perspective
Simulation or transcription which is called cloning derived from Greek word (clon) that means cutting, budding and proliferating. Cloning is the creation of an organism that is an exact process of creating a genetic copy ...