Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis (PGD): European perspectives and the German situation
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 2004 October; 29(5): 623- 640
This article gives an overview about the ethical dispute on preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), its legal status and its practical usage in Europe. We provide a detailed description of the situation in Germany wherein prenatal diagnosis is routinely applied, but PGD is prohibited on the basis of the internationally unique embryo protection act (EPA) that was put into force in 1991. Both PGD and stem cell research were vigorously debated in Germany during the last four years. As regards the PGD debate specifically, the voices of the ones directly affected were not adequately taken into consideration. We describe the predominant lines of argumentation in this debate and some essential results of our "bioethical field study" of opinions on and usage of PGD in Germany and their implications for the German legislation and ethical theory.
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Krones, Tanja; Schluter, Elmar; Manolopoulos, Konstantin; Bock, Karin; Tinneberg, Hans-Rudolf; Koch, Manuela C.; Lindner, Martin; Hoffmann, Georg F.; Mayatepek, Ertan; Huels, Gerd; Neuwohner, Elke; El Ansari, Susan; Wissner, Thomas; Richter, Gerd (2005-01)