Academic freedom and academic-industry relationships in biotechnology
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2006 June; 16(2): 129-149
Commercial academic-industry relationships (AIRs) are widespread in biotechnology and have resulted in a wide array of restrictions on academic research. Objections to such restrictions have centered on the charge that they violate academic freedom. I argue that these objections are almost invariably unsuccessful. On a consequentialist understanding of the value of academic freedom, they rely on unfounded empirical claims about the overall effects that AIRs have on academic research. And on a rights-based understanding of the value of academic freedom, they rely on excessively lavish assumptions about the kinds of activities that academic freedom protects.
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Blumenthal, David (1992-12-16)Academic-industry relationships in the life sciences remain controversial. The available evidence suggests that such relationships have both benefits and risks for involved parties. Benefits include additional support of ...
Blumenthal, David (1996-12)The author reviews in detail the status of academic-industry relationships (AIRs) in the life sciences from both ethical and empirical perspectives, and identifies ethical issues that have been resolved and those that must ...