Academic freedom and academic-industry relationships in biotechnology
Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 2006 June; 16(2): 129-149
Commercial academic-industry relationships (AIRs) are widespread in biotechnology and have resulted in a wide array of restrictions on academic research. Objections to such restrictions have centered on the charge that they violate academic freedom. I argue that these objections are almost invariably unsuccessful. On a consequentialist understanding of the value of academic freedom, they rely on unfounded empirical claims about the overall effects that AIRs have on academic research. And on a rights-based understanding of the value of academic freedom, they rely on excessively lavish assumptions about the kinds of activities that academic freedom protects.
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Campbell, Eric G.; Weissman, Joel S.; Ehringhaus, Susan; Rao, Sowmya R.; Moy, Beverly; Feibelmann, Sandra; Goold, Susan Dorr (2007-10-17)CONTEXT: Institutional academic-industry relationships have the potential of creating institutional conflicts of interest. To date there are no empirical data to support the establishment and evaluation of institutional ...
Blumenthal, David (1992-12-16)Academic-industry relationships in the life sciences remain controversial. The available evidence suggests that such relationships have both benefits and risks for involved parties. Benefits include additional support of ...