Women in developing countries and benefit sharing
Developing World Bioethics 2006 December; 6(3): 113-121
The aim of this paper is to show that any process of benefit sharing that does not guarantee the representation and participation of women in the decision-making process, as well as in the distribution of benefits, contravenes a central demand of social justice. It is argued that women, particularly in developing countries, can be excluded from benefits derived from genetic research because of existing social structures that promote and maintain discrimination. The paper describes how the structural problem of gender-based inequity can impact on benefit sharing processes. At the same time, examples are given of poor women's ability to organise themselves and to achieve social benefits for entire communities. Relevant international guidelines (e.g. the Convention on Biodiversity) recognise the importance of women's contributions to the protection of biodiversity and thereby, implicitly, their right to a share of the benefits, but no mechanism is outlined on how to bring this about. The authors make a clear recommendation to ensure women's participation in benefit sharing negotiations by demanding seats at the negotiation table.
Permanent LinkFind Full Text at Georgetown University Library
Full Text from Publisher
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Sharing the benefits of genetic research: will the World Trade Organization act to stop the exploitation of biodiversity? Schroeder, Doris; Ladikas, Miltos; Schuklenk, Udo; Diaz, Carolina Lasen; Kleinsmidt, Anita; Alvarez-Castillo, Fatima; Feinholz, Dafna (2005-12-10)
Gender and Vulnerable Populations in Benefit Sharing: An Exploration of Conceptual and Contextual Points Alvarez-Castillo, Fatima; Lucas, Julie Cook; Castillo, Rosa Cordillera (2009-04)
Assisting Countries in Establishing National Bioethics Committees: UNESCO's Assisting Bioethics Committees Project ten Have, Henk; Dikenou, Christophe; Feinholz, Dafna (2011-07)The Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights adopted by UNESCO in 2005 advocates for the establishment of independent, multidisciplinary, and pluralist ethics committees at national, regional, local, or institutional ...