What happened to the stem cells?
Hviid Nielsen, Torben
Journal of Medical Ethics 2008 December; 34(12): 852-857
Five partly successive and partly overlapping framings have dominated the public debate about human embryonic stem cells since they first were "derived" a decade ago. Geron Corporation staged the initial framings as 1) basic research and 2) medical hope, but these two were immediately refuted and opposed by 3) bioethical concerns, voiced by influential politicians and leaders of opinion. Thereafter, the research community presented adult stem cells and therapeutic cloning as 4) techno-fix solutions supposed to bypass these ethical concerns. And in recent years, 5) institutional limitations to and hurdles within the university-industrial complex (such as patentability, misconduct and fraud) have attracted more attention. The article purifies the arguments and points out the interests and institutions behind the five framings. It also discusses their interplay and finally addresses the question of what happened to the stem cells?
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The Barcelona Declaration: Policy Proposals to the European Commission. Basic Ethical Principles in European Bioethics and Biolaw Abel, Francesco; Botbol-Baum, Mylene; Brownsword, Roger; Collange, Jean-Francois; Delaisi de Parseval, Genevieve; Nielsen, Torben Hviid; Iglesias, Teresa; Kemp, Peter; Loureiro, Joao Carlos; Manuel, Catherine; Moulin, Madeleine; Nunes, Rui; Rubino, Francesco; Solbakk, Jan Helge; Thill, Georges; Torgersen, Helge (European Union. Partners in the BIOMED-II Project, 1998-11)