Patenting of human genetic material v. bioethics: revisiting the case of John Moore v. Regents of the University of California.
Indian Journal of Medical Ethics 2010 April-June; 7(2): 82-89
Moore v. Regents of the University of California was one of the first cases internationally that dealt with the patenting of human genetic material. The case is closely related to the development of medicine and of biotechnology applied to medicine. These developments require the utilisation of human body parts, both for experiments and for transplant, and present certain major medico-legal problems. However, the case did not produce conclusive decisions on the various key legal issues that it raised involved in biomedical research and the patenting of human genetic material. This article re-examines the case from an Indian and an international perspective. After a brief introduction in Part I, Part II of the article describes existing laws in various countries with respect to the patenting of human genetic material. Part III discusses legal regimes applicable in the context of biological materials. Part IV elaborates on the importance of the doctrine of informed consent in the context of biomedical research on human subjects. Part V discusses the significance of bioethics in research and the patenting of biotechnology, according to international law. Part VI concludes the article with an assertion of the urgent need for legislation in this area.
Bioethics; Biomedical Research; Biotechnology; Consent; Human Body; Informed Consent; Law; Legislation; Laws; Medicine; Research; History of Health Ethics / Bioethics; Value / Quality of Life; Genetic Patents; Informed Consent or Human Experimentation; International and Political Dimensions of Biology and Medicine;
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