The Cost Of The Colombian Peace: An Economic Approach of a Peace Agreement with the FARC
Garcia-Vargas, Sonia Juliana
During more than forty years of conflict, Colombian intellectuals and politicians have debated around the conflict, its characteristics and implications. However only few people have talked about a peace agreement, the tasks of peace implementation and its costs. For this reason, this research intends to deepen on the peace possibilities and the costs of the main agreements that the government and the major guerrilla movement of the country: the FARC could made. The first step to estimate the cost of the peace is determining the kind of peace that could be possible to get in Colombia. According with the World Bank definition, this peace could minimalist, maximalist or intermediate. The minimalist approach says that peace agreements only must take into account the tasks related with reincorporation of the excombatans and cease fire. The maximalist approach argues that the peace must include the solutions of the structural causes of the conflict. It implies economic, political and social reforms and it will be a long term process. The intermediate option takes into account only a couple of the basic causes of the conflict and its structural solutions and the reincorporation process of the excombatans. Taking into account the history of the conflict, the claims of the FARC, and the position of the government in the previous attempts to get peace agreements with the FARC, the peace approach that is more appropriate for the Colombian case is the intermediate. In this sense, this thesis has some chapters about the structural reforms, like an agrarian and a political reform and their possible costs, and another chapter about the reincorporation process and its costs. In addition, trying to have a comparative parameter of a previous peace implementation process, this research includes a briefly review of the Salvadoran case and the cost of the peace implementation process. At the end, the cost of each reform is aggregated and with this estimated cost I proposed some options for its financial support.
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