Can the United States and its allies defend Europe without nuclear weapons?
Krogh, Peter F. (Peter Frederic)
Person InterviewedHuntington, Samuel P.
Inman, Bobby R.
Komer, Robert W.
Examines conventional and nuclear strategies for NATO's defense of Europe.
In this episode of American Interests, a group of the nation's most preeminent military strategists examines the question, how can NATO best defend Europe from the Soviet Union? Although NATO had maintained a large standing army in Europe for decades, by the 1980s it had become clear that in the event of an invasion NATO's conventional forces were simply not adequate to hold back the armies of the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact states. In order to defeat any such incursion, NATO and the United States would be forced to resort to nuclear weapons, transforming a conventional conflict into a nuclear holocaust. However, as nuclear weapons on both sides of the iron curtain grew more sophisticated, some experts began to believe that the chances of the United States initiating an all-out nuclear war for the defense of Europe seemed increasingly unlikely. This possibility threw NATO's overall defense strategy into question, for if conventional armies and flexible response were no longer credible deterrents to the Soviet Union, would it be possible for the United States and NATO to defend Europe without resorting to nuclear weapons? In this episode, the progression of the United States' Cold War strategy from nuclear deterrence, to mutual assured destruction, to flexible response is examined, as well as offensive and defensive options for deterring a Soviet led invasion of Europe. Featuring Harvard University's Samuel Huntington, military analyst Edward Luttwak, Michael Vlahos of the Johns Hopkins School for Advanced International Studies, Robert Komer of the Rand Corporation, and Bobby Ray Inman, former director of the National Security Agency.
Nuclear weapons -- Europe; North Atlantic Treaty Organization -- Military policy; Nuclear warfare; Deterrence (Strategy); North Atlantic Treaty Organization -- Armed Forces; Warsaw Treaty Organization -- Armed Forces; Warfare, Conventional; Cold War; Defense and National Security; International Organizations; North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO); Warsaw Pact; Nuclear Deterrence; Mutual Assured Destruction; Flexible Response; Conventional Response; Forward Defense; Deep Strike; Conventional Retaliation;
Europe; Western Europe;
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Krogh, Peter F. (Peter Frederic) (The Kentucky NetworkGeorgetown University. School of Foreign ServiceForeign Policy Association, 1997)
Krogh, Peter F. (Peter Frederic) (Jefferson Communications Inc.Georgetown University. School of Foreign Service, 1981-11-17)Examines the future of NATO's theater nuclear weapons in the face of growing anti-nuclear protests in Europe.