The Other in the nineteenth century prosaic Arabic discourse
Kassab, Muhammad Ali.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Georgetown University, 2009.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. This dissertation intends to present how Arab-Islamic character views the socio-cultural image of the northern European character in nineteenth-century Arabic prosaic discourse. Its aim is to provide a new theoretical framework for the interaction and relationship between Arab-Islamic character as representative of a multi-cultural and multi-religious society and the northern European Other. This new theoretical framework is different from the prevalent approach of many studies that are characterized by the formula of "dialectics of rejection and reception of modern European socio-cultural norms and daily life behavior," or by the notion that Arab-Islamic intellectuals used their traditional principles and values as standards to adopt whatever they encounter from modern European principles and values.; The new approach of this study differs from the approach mentioned above in viewing Arab-Islamic character and the northern European Other as not an ethnic character that represents a specific people but as a single overarching socio-cultural character rather than a collective character composed of distinctive independent characters that assert their differences and individual/distinct characters in times of crisis.; The stimulus to study the image of the northern European Other is that bibliographies and literary resources make virtually no reference to the effect of this image on the socio-cultural change in the Arab-Islamic life as it is viewed by Arabic writings of the nineteenth century.; This study does not introduce a philosophical discussion about the relationship and interaction between the Self and the Other, or present a political and economic study about Arab-Islamic life. Rather, it shall sheds light on the image of the northern European Other in terms of its socio-cultural perspectives and how they are viewed as a source of change and reform in the authentic texts of Arab-Islamic intellectuals in the nineteenth century.; This study describes the progress and failure of Arab-Islamic character in catching up with the process of modernization and explains how the contact with the northern European Other creates a different enlightened environment, liberates Arab-Islamic character from irrational and superficial ideas, transforms the society into a new socio-cultural atmosphere with a new worldview, points out the internal and external factors that caused the failure of reaching a complete authentic social and cultural change, and demonstrates the continuity of the role of traditional perspective of Arab-Islamic intellectuals towards religion and morality in reshaping the modern life of the individual, the society, and human civilization.
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