Early warning receptivity in the UN and US
Bessell, Sarah Linnell.
Thesis (M.A.)--Georgetown University, 2008.; Includes bibliographical references. The prevention of deadly, armed conflict avoids significant humanitarian catastrophe and crisis, and is preferable to intervention after the outbreak of violence. Prevention is divided into two major phases, warning and response; however, while there is a growing industry of conflict early warning systems, there has been significantly less growth in early response. This thesis examines the capacity for early response at the United Nations and the United States. It seeks to understand why, given the abundance of early warning systems, more conflicts have not been prevented. I argue that while the UN and the US receive warnings of crises and have begun to develop mechanisms for early response, there are several factors that hinder prevention. These include limited institutional support, both political and fiscal, lack of strategic leadership, and issues of coordination. The thesis identifies some initiatives that may help to strengthen the early response capabilities of both actors.
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Smith, David H.; Quaid, Kimberly A.; Dworkin, Roger B.; Gramelspacher, Gregory P.; Granbois, Judith A.; and Vance, Gail H. (1998)