Moving mountains : challenges in contemporary U.S. foreign aid in the context of post-disaster Haiti
Cutler, Elizabeth Joan Crane.
Thesis (M.A.)--Georgetown University, 2011.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. The devastating earthquake that hit Haiti on January 12, 2010 demanded a tremendous international foreign aid effort from around the world, including great leadership by the United States in immediate disaster relief and planning for long-term development work. Already one of the most fragile countries in the world, Haiti has long relied on countless NGOs in addition to considerable aid from the United States and an ongoing United Nations mission to fill significant gaps in its institutional capacity to provide basic public services such as healthcare, security, and education for its people. With the added layer of post-earthquake disaster relief, whose timing has been particularly salient in the midst of Haiti's third democratic Presidential election in its history, the island nation has become a valuable microcosm of challenges and issues facing U.S. foreign aid today. To that end, this paper examines the evolution of U.S. foreign aid through the lens of the past year and half of post-disaster aid to Haiti. By synthesizing academic research and commentary on both Haiti itself and the study of foreign aid, historical narrative, official reports to Congress, and personal interviews with experts in the field, this paper demonstrates the undeniable need for addressing some of U.S. foreign aid's greatest challenges.
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