Transgresion y modernidad : la prosa de Ruben Dario
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Georgetown University, 2009.; Includes bibliographical references. I argue that the impetus for the narrative production of Ruben Dario is transgression, which is manifested on different levels such as eroticism and the figure of the poet (or more exactly in that of the artist). I do not believe that one has to privilege one of them above the other -as Pedro Salinas and Angel Rama do- but to see the fundamental issue behind these two great themes: the transgressive element that breaks with bourgeois values of the epoch, i.e., sexual repression and utilitarian work.; Bourgeois society at the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth is a society that in practice (but not in its discourses, as Foucault reminds us) represses sex. Dario's writings are characterized precisely by the contrary: he continuously exalts sexuality and sensuality. Even in his narrative works one can discover references to types of sexual conduct that sexologists of the epoch defined as illness, such as homosexuality or fetishism. But what abounds definitively is an interest in making sex speak. Here sexual pleasure appears separated from its procreative function, thus its transgressive nature. To the capitalist rationale that accelerates productivity and the commercialization of industrial goods, Dario opposes an economy of pleasure: pleasure for pleasure itself.; There is, nonetheless, another type of production that strikingly opposes capitalistic production: the poetic, the artistic. And artistic production is in opposition precisely because it is not a utilitarian production nor does it seek necessarily an economic end. In modern society there is no longer a space for poetry or art: beauty, the ideal, has been displaced by material interest: money, industry, commerce. In a society in which production and utilitarian work have achieved so much importance, the poet--the artist in general--will be considered as totally unproductive.; Thus, understanding "transgression" as the break with what is morally acceptable for bourgeois society of the moment, I view transgression as the axis that articulates these two great themes in Dario's narrative.
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