Responsibility to protect : evolution and viability
Thesis (M.A.)--Georgetown University, 2010.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) doctrine is a concept that was formally introduced in 2001. The basic principles of R2P are that state sovereignty implies responsibility, and a state is therefore the primary entity responsible for the protection of the people within a state. Therefore, when a state fails to meet this responsibility and a population is suffering grievous harm, the principles of non-intervention and traditional respect of state sovereignty yields to the international community's responsibility to protect. The fundamental question examined in this thesis is to what extent has R2P contributed to the resolution of violent crisis in the African context. This thesis will rely on a number of sources to draw these conclusions, such as first hand source material from the commission that formed R2P, AU, and the UN as well as the academic literature, and it concludes that certain aspects of R2P, namely the focus on capacity building and early intervention through diplomacy, are valuable in resolving crisis, while, the discussion of military intervention under R2P undermines the much stronger and more viable aspects that focus on giving states the tools they need to resolve crisis.
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