Discourses of war and peace in Kashmir : a positioning analysis
Thesis (M.A.)--Georgetown University, 2011.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. The conflict over the territory of Kashmir has dominated Indo-Pakistani relations for over fifty years. From its roots from before the independence of India and Pakistan to the modern insurgency which emerged in 1990, the conflict has developed a complicated set of interlocking factors, from religion to material resources, and ethno-linguistic groups. The vast literature on the Kashmir conflict addresses these aspects and more. This analysis, however, uses positioning theory to shift the focus from the conflict to the discourses surrounding the conflict. Using the three elements of positioning theory - (1) illocutionary force (social meaning), (2) the distribution of rights and duties (positions), and (3) the evolving storylines formed by positions, this examination of the Kashmir conflict highlights the prevalence of self-determination discourses. The analysis demonstrates how the plebiscite promised to the Kashmiri people is a significant element of the conflict discourses. By tracing the detailed history and usage of the self-determination ideal, the paper demonstrates how certain discourses and rhetoric can sustain a conflict past its logical point.
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