Beyond medicine : is ASEAN advancing social, economic, and political justice through HIV/AIDS prevention?
Thesis (M.A.L.S.)--Georgetown University, 2009.; Includes bibliographical references. This thesis aims to reveal whether the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has advanced social, economic, and political justice through its HIV/AIDS work in the Southeast Asian region. It analyzes ASEAN's three HIV/AIDS work plans, from 1995 to 2010, and is divided into six parts.; The Introduction establishes the premise that HIV/AIDS prevention plans must address medical issues as well as the social, economic, and political inequalities that fuel the epidemic. Chapter One then provides information on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the ten ASEAN member states, some background on ASEAN, and introduces a 2001 World Health Organization (WHO) report on HIV/AIDS. This report lists five principles for an effective prevention plan: gender issues must be addressed; treatment must be affordable and accessible; people living with HIV/AIDS must be part of prevention planning and activities; governments must provide leadership to civil society to support national and international efforts; and prevention must be linked to human rights. The thesis uses these five principles as standards upon which to analyze the effectiveness of ASEAN's three work plans on HIV/AIDS.; Chapter Two analyzes ASEAN's first work program (1995-2000), noting that it supported the fourth and fifth WHO principles, but not the first three. The organization's first plan made few advances in either HIV/AIDS prevention or in advancing justice. While lacking important detail and structure, it did provide a foundation for future prevention programs. Chapter Three examines ASEAN's second work plan (2002-2005), which supported all five WHO principles and provided detailed tactics to prevent disease transmission and to advance justice. However, while ASEAN accomplished much in its second plan, it still did not fully address gender issues. Chapter Four evaluates ASEAN's third work plan (2006-2010), which has adhered to all five WHO principles. ASEAN has created many activities that targeted the causes of injustice, giving ASEAN the potential to emerge from the epidemic with healthier populations and more just societies. Chapter Five concludes the thesis by stating that ASEAN has advanced social, economic, and political justice through prevention work and offers recommendations for future work programs, such as continuing to combat stigma and discrimination.
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