China profit$ from prisoners : organ procurement and the ethical issue of consent
Neagle, Jessica Ann.
Thesis (M.A.L.S.)--Georgetown University, 2009.; Includes bibliographical references. After execution, prisoners become the primary source of human organs used for medical transplantation in China. Organ procurement from prisoners violates the principle of voluntary consent because of the very nature of incarceration. In China, extreme methods of torture are used and many prisoners are not given a free-trial, or a lawyer and, therefore, are wrongfully convicted. This thesis begins by discussing the rise of the Chinese security system and how this has led to unusual high records of arrests and executions. In addition, medical professional secretly involved in the process of removing organs from prisoners who are tortured and abused is a direct violation of international medial ethics and is inexcusable. A close examination on the prison system will reveal how laws in China permit the removal of organs from prisoners and how the country stands alone in this practice. As more individuals are arrested, the sale of organs in China increases and the nation profits off of its prisoners. The sale of prisoners abroad leads to a discussion of a controversial traveling exhibition displaying plastinated human bodies and cadavers from China in the Untied States. The exhibit organizers are unable to disprove allegations that the origin of the bodies on display came from executed prisoners in China. The analysis will then conclude that consent is essential and a universal principle applicable to all nations.
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Concerns Regarding Organ Donation From Prisoners With Death Penalties: Perspectives of Health Professionals in Taiwan and Mainland China Shih, F.J.; Wang, S.S.; Hsu, R.B.; Weng, H.J.; Chu, S.H. (2009-01)