A place to hide : popular support and terrorist safe havens
Whitehair, Julia C.
Thesis (M.A.)--Georgetown University, 2010.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. Conventional thinking holds that terrorist safe havens develop in failed states, weak states, or ungoverned spaces where weak governance--among other factors--creates a permissive environment in which terrorist groups can operate. In this scenario, and without state sponsorship, the absence of a functioning government or robust law enforcement provides a de facto source of protection and anonymity. However, this fails to explain how terrorist groups find sanctuary in functioning states with ample law enforcement capabilities--absent state sponsorship. This thesis posits that local popular support serves as a source of protection and anonymity in these safe havens. It seeks to explain how local sympathy can provide protection and anonymity through the examination of two cases: the Red Army Faction in West Germany from 1968 to 1977, and the London-based cell of Islamic extremists who perpetrated the July 7, 2005, attacks on the London subway and bus system.