Implementing UN Security Council resolution 1540 in the Middle East : opportunities and limitations for regional organizations
Thesis (M.A.)--Georgetown University, 2010.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. Proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), terrorism, and the nexus between the two are inarguably among the greatest threats facing international peace and security today. In 2004, the United Nations Security Council adopted Resolution 1540, obligating states to take steps to counter the proliferation of chemical, biological and nuclear weapons to non-state actors. Regional organizations are widely considered an important part of the puzzle to implement Resolution 1540. To that end, this thesis analyses the oft-overlooked complementary relationship between regional organizations and the United Nations in maintaining global peace and security. It demonstrates that regional bodies have evolved throughout history to become assistant guardians, together with the UN, against regional and international perils. In turn, it explores the opportunities and limitations of regional bodies--specifically the League of Arab States and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)--in the Middle East to assist their memberships in complying with the Resolution 1540. This region was selected because of its relatively low 1540 implementation rates, porous borders, lax export controls, challenges stemming from transnational crime, and the increased interest in nuclear power--all which make Middle Eastern states attractive and prone to being exploitation by non-state actors seeking to acquire WMD or transfer such devices through the region. The thesis concludes that key features of the League of Arab States and the GCC--scope and focus, current and evolving institutional infrastructure, and ongoing and prior work related to 1540 implementation--make them appropriate bodies that can effectively assist their membership with 1540 implementation. Policy recommendations include that the League of Arab States and the GCC request assistance available under 1540's mandate to employ a dual-hatted 1540 Coordinator for their overlapping memberships to further 1540 implementation in the Middle East.
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