Effects of the implementation of environmetnal aid on crime, poverty, and internal migration in Kenya from 1995-2008
Thesis (M.A.)--Georgetown University, 2010.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. Kenya confronts many of the challenges of the developing world--population growth, urbanization, incessant demand for resources, water and food pressure, political tension, and environmental strain. Scholars have long theorized that a convergence of these conditions can produce great environmental stress leading towards societal pressure, political exploitation, and potentially violence. Currently, the developed world utilizes many tools to resolve, mitigate, or reverse problems of state instability--to varying degrees of success. Yet, in the past decade, a new method of assistance emerged called environmental aid, which assists nations to better manage their domestic environment though bilateral and multilateral aid donations. Anecdotally, this has led to localized success--not only in improving nature but also in reducing levels of violence. This paper examines the effectiveness of environmental aid, and based on currently available data, concludes that trends in environment, crime, poverty, and internal migration within one recipient country, Kenya, cannot be attributed to the implementation of environmental aid. Nevertheless, it is the author's opinion that the conclusions of this paper should not lead one to abandon or dismiss the concept of environmental aid as an effective and efficient means to address both environmental and societal problems. Rather, it underscores the necessity for better data collection and additional research into this field, ideally through a local level study with a large geographic scope.
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