Has September 11 shifted development aid priorities?
Berman, Aaron D. Chertoff.
Thesis (M.P.P.)--Georgetown University, 2011.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. Previous research has shown that both recipient need and the strategic importance of the recipient to the donor are factors explaining the amount of development aid wealthy countries give to developing countries. An increased focus on countering terrorism after the attacks of September 11, 2001 may have caused some donors to focus more on interests and less on need. This hypothesis was tested using data on development aid given bilaterally by the five Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development countries that give the most: the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, and Japan. For each donor, regression analysis examined whether need and donor interest factors explained development aid differently for the years 2004 to 2008 as compared to the years 1995 to 1999, limited to countries that received assistance in both time periods. Need was measured by gross domestic product per capita, population, and democracy level, while donor interest was measured by voting similarity with the recipient in the United Nations, donor exports to the recipient, whether the recipient was a colony of the donor, and whether the recipient is a Muslim country. Contrary to the hypothesis, regression analysis shows no significant changes in the relative importance of need and donor interest factors in explaining development aid after 2001 as compared to before. This result suggests fears that donors have refocused development aid away from those that need it most may be misplaced.
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