Wage losses for displaced workers in the U.S. : what portion can be explained by the loss of union status?
Branson, Michael D.L.
Thesis (M.P.P.)--Georgetown University, 2011.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. This paper examines the role of changes in union status in determining reemployment wages for displaced workers. The author uses a data set adapted from the 1994-2008 Current Population Survey Displaced Worker Supplement files that includes information on both pre- and post-displacement union status for a sample of workers displaced by plant or company closures. This complete information on union transition paths after displacement allows for a more thorough examination of union effects for displaced workers' than has been possible in most past studies using cross-sectional data. The author finds that, consistent with past research, the loss of union status has a large and significant negative effect on workers' post-displacement wages, and gaining union status is associated with a smaller and insignificant wage gain. On the aggregate, however, the loss of union status alone likely accounts for only approximately one-sixth of all wage losses for displaced workers--far lower than the one-third to one-half hypothesized in previous research. These findings are consistent with the view that a broad-based policy approach--one made up of worker retraining along with targeted wage supplements--can be effective in limiting the wage losses of displaced workers.
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The Effect of Unemployment Insurance on Industry Switching Decisions and Reemployment Earnings of Displaced Workers Karpman, Michael David (Georgetown University, 2013)This thesis examines whether unemployment insurance (UI) benefits improve the quality of job matches for displaced workers who find new employment. Using individual-level data from the 2008 and 2010 Displaced Worker ...