Affirmative action bans and minority employment : Washington State's Initiative 200
Colello, Anthony J.
Thesis (M.P.P.)--Georgetown University, 2011.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. Affirmative action has been one of the most divisive issues in recent American political discourse. While the issue has been debated for years, recent legislative events have created opportunities to utilize natural experiments to explore the effects of affirmative action policies. Washington State passed Initiative 200 in 1998. I-200 effectively eliminated affirmative action for all state employers and contractors. I-200 now presents a unique natural experiment for study. Updating Caitlin Myers' (2007) study of California's Proposition 209, I utilize CPS data from years surrounding the passage of I-200 to ascertain what impact the removal of affirmative action requirements may have had on the labor market outcomes of minorities residing in Washington State. The results presented herein suggest that there was an increased likelihood of unemployment for black workers in Washington State. Other results indicate an increase in the likelihood of employment and a decrease in non-participation in the labor force for Hispanic workers in Washington State. Taken together, these results hint at the possibility of labor force crowd-out for non-black minority workers as a result of affirmative action policies. I conclude by recommending topics for further research in this area.
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