Public school as child care : the impact of summer recess on mothers' employment
Edelstein, Sara Elise.
Thesis (M.P.P.)--Georgetown University, 2011.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. The difficulties in accessing and affording child care present an obstacle to employment for many women. Public school mitigates this obstacle by providing a form of free child care for mothers whose children are old enough to attend, but it is not available during the summer months. If child care is a significant factor in mothers' decisions to work, then they will be likelier to work during the school year when child care is in place for at least part of the day. This study investigates the effect of summer months on mothers' employment and how the effect is mediated by the age of a mother's youngest child. An analysis of Current Population Survey data finds that mothers with a youngest child age five or six are less likely to be employed in June or July, and those with a youngest child age seven or eight are less likely to be employed in July. Married mothers are mostly responsible for this effect: when examined separately, they are found to have a lower probability of employment in July when the youngest child is between five and twelve years old. The child care which public school provides is a significant factor in the employment decisions of mothers, especially mothers with spouses.
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