Economic sanctions and primary school enrollment in Iraq
Farjo, Andrew J.
Thesis (M.P.P.)--Georgetown University, 2011.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. The humanitarian toll of economic sanctions on Iraq extends beyond observed negative effects on public health, affecting reduction in net primary school enrollment rates. These negative effects are distinct and separate from changes in enrollment caused by war. Using time series data on Iraq from 1978 until 2008, this study analyzes the impact of the 1990-2003 United Nations Security Council economic sanctions on primary school enrollment. The analysis separates the effects of war from the effects of sanctions to find that economic destabilization brought on by sanctions is associated with significant drops in school enrollment figures. The impact of the UN Oil-for-Food Program, which loosened part of the restrictions imposed by the sanctions regime, shows significant palliative effects on the shocks to school enrollment associated with sanctions. Establishing the negative shocks to school enrollment, an important measure of human development, can edify future policy regarding the use of sanctions, which is generally accepted as a "feel-good" substitute for the use of military force.
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