Participation of low-income immigrants in the Women, Infants, and Children program
Fortuny, Karina P.
Thesis (M.P.P.)--Georgetown University, 2010.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. The Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program provides food vouchers to disadvantaged mothers and young children with the policy objective of improving nutrition and health outcomes. WIC is one of a few Federal public benefits programs with no restrictions on eligibility for immigrants. Research on immigrants' use of this program, however, is scarce. This study examines WIC participation of low-income foreign-born mothers using data from the 2008 and 2009 Current Population Survey. The regression analysis shows that controlling for socioeconomic characteristics noncitizens are more likely than native-born mothers to participate in WIC, while there are no significant differences in participation between naturalized U.S. citizens and native-born mothers. Further, Hispanic mothers have higher predicted probability of participation than non-Hispanic mothers, regardless of nativity. The findings suggest that WIC is an important form of assistance for low-income immigrants who might not be eligible for or reluctant to use other public benefits.
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The Relationship Between Children's Medicaid/CHIP Income Eligibility Expansions and Children's Medicaid/CHIP Participation Rates Wagnerman, Karina Haym (Georgetown University, 2014)Between 2005 and 2012, there was a wave of state income eligibility expansions for children in Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) with most occurring between 2007 and 2009. This study uses state-year ...