An investment in public safety : do DHS assistance to firefighters grants lead to a reduction in first responder injury rates?
Thesis (M.P.P.)--Georgetown University, 2010.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. Since 2001, the federal government has authorized over $5 billion in grant awards to local fire departments for the improvement of public safety capabilities. These federal grant funds have provided departments with equipment, apparatus and training which they would have otherwise been unable to afford. However, neither the federal government nor grant recipients have been able to identify a method to quantify positive outcomes from grant awards. The need to evaluate the efficacy of this grant program and revise programmatic guidance and policies to maximize award effects has been noted by both the administering agency and independent reviewers. Using a national fire incident database (NFIRS), this paper uses regression techniques to examine whether receiving an Assistance to Firefighter's Grant impacts the rate of three common injury types: burns, injuries due to vehicle accidents, and cardiac events. Multivariate regression indicates significant effect on cardiac and burn injury rates in the year after grant receipt; however, this effect is diminished in subsequent years. An analysis of grant effect on injuries due to vehicle accidents implied that training and experience may have a more significant impact than grant receipt.
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