Analyzing the effectiveness of the Productive Safety Net Programme in the food security of female-headed households in ethiopia in 2009
Hidalgo, Wilbert Enrique.
Thesis (M.P.P.)--Georgetown University, 2011.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. This paper assesses the impact of the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) on the food security outcomes of female-headed households in Ethiopia. Using data from the Ethiopian Rural Household Surveys (EHRS) for 2009, the present study tests whether the PSNP reported worse food security outcomes for female-headed households, compared to male-headed households, given their lower literacy rates, land ownership, and time constraints that prevent them from fully benefitting from the PSNP. Ordinary Least Square Results show that being a female-headed household that receives PSNP benefits has a positive effect on one of the food security outcomes, since it reduces the probability of having a food shortage. However, due to the fact that access to the PSNP was not randomized Propensity Score Matching has to be used instead to better identify its impact on the food security of rural Ethiopian households. Propensity Matching Scores techniques reveal that the program has no impact on female-headed households. A statistically significant impact of the Program is found in male-headed households and in overall households; however, the expected effect is the opposite, since the PSNP worsens food security outcomes in analyzed households. Although the present document shows that the PSNP is not very effective at addressing food insecurity, it also suggests that more studies are needed to find further explanations of the Program's effects. We do not know if all PSNP beneficiaries actually receive all the benefits they are supposed to get, nor we know whether they receive any benefits in a timely fashion. Moreover, our Program variable is not a continuous variable that indicates the amount of money or the volume of food received. Therefore, the failure of the PSNP could not be related to the Program itself but to its poor implementation.
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