The wage gap in higher education : how academic discipline and gender affect pay for full time tenured professors
Montemurro, Amie Lynn.
Thesis (M.P.P.)--Georgetown University, 2009.; Includes bibliographical references. The goal of this paper is to examine the extent to which the clustering of female faculty in particular academic disciplines helps to explain the persistent wage gap observed between women and men in academe. Men are over-represented in disciplines with higher market value, more abundant resources, and additional opportunities for scholarly research. Additionally, it appears that their female counterparts face significant barriers to entry in fields ascribed with the highest external market value. These barriers to entry may include unobservable variables such as gender socialization, social expectations prioritizing family roles, and historical discrimination.; Using data from the 2004 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty (NSPF:04), a large-scale nationally representative sample, the analysis focuses on the earnings of full-time tenured professors who have obtained doctorate degrees. A series of Ordinary Least Squares regression models are estimated to isolate the effect of academic discipline on salary levels, net of other human capital, family, institutional, and professional factors correlated with earnings.; This research began with the assumption that the gender wage gap may be attributed to society placing higher value on fields that are more male dominated. While wage disparities may be attributed to different disciplines being valued more highly than others (e.g., society may value engineering, a field with higher percentages of men, more highly than fields such as women's studies) results of this study suggest that the women are still at a pay disadvantage even when equally represented in a specific discipline.
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How have changes in the proportion of female college graduates over time affected the gender wage gap? Kennedy, Lauren; Kennedy, Lauren (2006-04-18)In order to better understand the persistence of the wage gap between women and men despite changes in educational attainment for women, this study examines whether returns to education vary by sex and if so, what effect ...