How does food aid impact agricultural production and household supply to agriculture in Ethiopia?
Thesis (M.P.P.)--Georgetown University, 2010.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. Food aid is one of the most widely used, if not the most complex, policy instruments in the international development community today. It is of particular importance for developing countries characterized by growing rates of food insecurity and a reliance on the agricultural sector. For the greater part of the last three decades, the need for food aid in Ethiopia has shifted from transitory to chronic, as food aid sustains large segments of the Ethiopian population today. Ethiopia's reliance on food aid has been accompanied by a decrease in per capita agricultural productivity (Gebre-Selassie 2006). These dual trends motivate the question key to this study: How does food aid impact agricultural production and household supply to agriculture in Ethiopia? This study will use data from round 4 (year 1997) of the Ethiopian Rural Household Survey, conducted across 15 Ethiopian villages. The analysis seeks to examine the impact food aid has on days needed for agricultural preparation and the value of harvest output.; Preliminary results were mixed, showing a positive effect for the Belg harvest and a negative effect for the Meher Harvest. Additionally, households receiving food aid were associated with fewer days committed to agricultural preparation. The results speak to the need for targeting - from a policy perspective it is critical to ensure that households in need receive food aid. Furthermore, more rigorous analysis will be required to distinguish between the effects of food aid and the effect of household and regional level characteristics.
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