Industrial policy, land and ethnic conflict : is a forestry worker better off in the Chilean regions of the Araucanía and Los Ríos than in alternative productive sectors?
Thesis (M.P.P.)--Georgetown University, 2010.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. At present 21.5% of Chile's national territory is under forestry use, with the industry contributing approximately 3% of the nation's GDP and 20% of its exports. Though Chile is explicitly attempting to diversify and grow in the service industries; the largest revenues from exports today and in the near future are still to come from its natural resource sectors. Here, clearly the forestry industry's development has a strategic role to play, today and in the country's sustainable long-term growth strategy, especially regarding its advantage as a carbon emissions capture sector.; Chile's forestry development is subject to diverse criticism that questions its true economic, social, and environmental impact on national, regional and local grounds. Through the lens of an intra-industry wage differential analysis, this study looks at the impact of the forestry sector on workers' wages comparing two regions with ideal soil and climatic conditions for further forestry expansion, the Araucanía (heartland of the Mapuche indigenous nation) and the contiguous region of Los Ríos. When analyzing the implications of the coefficients on region, it is important to underscore that the premium of working in Los Ríos or the negative effects of doing this in the Araucanía is not necessarily static; the coefficient may be capturing the implication of history within the region. Though history cannot be changed, current and future circumstances can certainly be improved. Here lies the space for public policy.; Opening the opportunity for indigenous small and medium-sized landowners to participate in an initiative such as the forestry securitization bond can help promote "development with identity" through an inclusive scheme.
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