More work or more freedom : the effect of Oportunidades on participating mothers
Thesis (M.P.P.)--Georgetown University, 2010.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. The effect that welfare has on adult labor supply has been debated by economists. For mothers who participate in the biggest and first Conditional Cash Transfer Program implemented in Latin America- Mexico's Oportunidades- their working hours can be affected due to requirements of the program. By using Mexico's most recent income expenditure survey, ENIGH 2008, and based on a previous study done by Oehler (2005) which looked at the effect of the program on adult labor supply, this study focuses on the change in working hours that Oportunidades has on participating mothers. After replicating Oehler's model, the results are consistent and show that there is a decrease of working hours per month for participating mothers. Nevertheless, if other control variables such as work, household and individual characteristics are added to the original model, the effect of the program on mothers is reversed. The implications of this increase in working hours for mothers benefitting from the program in comparison to those not part of the program can be seen as a positive externality that does not conflict with Oportunidades' twofold objective of increasing income and fostering human capital.
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