Justice for juveniles? : how funding affects the delinquency outcomes for juvenile justice reformss
Stone, Alayna Michelle.
Thesis (M.P.P.)--Georgetown University, 2010.; Includes bibliographical references.; Text (Electronic thesis) in PDF format. While consensus about what role the juvenile justice system should play in the lives of young people has recently shifted from a punitive position focused on punishment to a more moderate position focused on public safety in conjunction with effective rehabilitation, little research has explored how state juvenile justice agencies actually use their funding to support reform efforts. This study examines the effects of fiscal policies on juvenile recidivism in seven state juvenile justice agencies from 1998-2008. The results reveal that funding reforms do not have consistent statistically significant effects on future arrest and commitment rates in states where funding reflects a commitment to juvenile justice efforts that focus on rehabilitation. Changes in secure expenditures has statistically significant effects on total crime rates only in the third year after changes in expenditures, while a statistically significant relationship between community expenditures and the total crime rate is not found after one year. Why these findings are not significant are discussed as well as possible limitations that could have resulted in the lack of significant effects.
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