Does the U.S. refugee resettlement program work? : the economic outcomes of program participants
Thesis (M.P.P.)--Georgetown University, 2009.; Includes bibliographical references. The U.S. refugee resettlement program costs taxpayers between $450 and $550 million a year and helps 50,000 refugees each year. This paper evaluates the economic benefits of enrollment in the U.S. refugee resettlement program for refugees that entered the United States between the years 1980 and 1985. The study finds that while employment outcomes are not better for those enrolled in the program than their counterparts who did not participate in the program, participants in the program are more likely both in the short-term and long-term to have higher earnings outcomes. The results also show a significant gap between earnings of male and female refugees, with women earning significantly less than equally qualified males. These results support recommendations for reform of the resettlement program to emphasize employment in addition to training and education; identify and address gender issues responsible for the gender wage gap; and increase the number of refugees resettled to deliver the benefits of this effective program to a more extensive refugee population.
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