A discussion of the application of the Convention on the Rights of the Child to policies toward children and youth on the streets: a case study of a municipal program in Buenos Aires, Argentina
The thesis analyzes street children's rights, as articulated by the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and as applied in Buenos Aires, Argentina through a municipal program for street children, the Centro de Atencion Integral a la Ninez y Adolescencia (CAINA). The thesis explores the evolution of the various attitudes and paradigms toward street children leading to the Convention on the Rights of the Child, and identifies the residual presence of those earlier paradigms among the practices of actors and institutions affecting street children's ability to exercise their rights. The thesis explores the participatory rights guaranteed by the Convention on the Rights of the Child and suggests means to implement those rights through a theoretical analysis of citizenship and democratic participation. The thesis recognizes CAINA has ameliorated many of the harsh conditions in which street children live; however, it has not successfully enabled children to leave the streets. Moreover, street children's participation in CAINA often fails to promote their common interests, because participation by street children at CAINA is focused on independent, individual expression, rather than on dialogue among street children. Nonetheless, street children's participation at CAINA has positively affected their self-esteem and has provided important information about the children's lives. The thesis investigation notes violation of street children's rights largely is a result of structural poverty in children's neighborhoods of origin, and recommends public and private organizations should consolidate and coordinate their efforts to promote street children's rights. Among the findings in the thesis is the recognition street children's attendance at the municipal program is erratic; indeed, street children attend multiple assistance programs throughout the city. Moreover, public and private assistance programs for street children generally fail to communicate; hence, public institutions dedicated to street children often are fragmented or overlap. In short, coordination and cooperation among programs addressed to street children should improve their effectiveness substantially. The thesis also recommends children should be encouraged to participate in establishing CAINA's goals, in evaluating the program and in promoting their interests so their attendance may become more consistent and so they will feel a sense of ownership in the institution. The investigation concludes CAINA should enable children to dialogue with each other and with the public to identify and communicate their interests. In that regard, CAINA should link children with organizations that promote their social inclusion. Through dialogue and participation, CAINA can empower street children to begin to determine the direction of their own lives rather than have it dictated by the multitude of hostile influences they frequently confront.
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Lehr, Lindsay (Georgetown University, 2012)Current and past housing policy in Buenos Aires has not been effective for the social insertion of the poor, because, by focusing primarily on the provision of housing, it has not attempted to reduce residential segregation ...
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Le droit de l'enfant à connaître ses parents biologiques. Avis 1/2000 autour de la Convention relative aux droits de l'enfant. Les cas de figure: de l'accouchement anonyme; de l'anonymat d'un (ou des) parent(s) biologiques dans le contexte de la procréation médicalement assistée (P.M.A.); de l'adoption. En annexe: Avis 2/1999 la transplantation d'organes. Fascicule V. Les Cahiers de la C.N.E. Avis de la C.N.E. The right of children to know their biological parents. Opinion No. 1/2000 around the Convention of the Rights of the Child. Including the case of anonymous pregnancy; the case of anonymity of one or both biological parents in the context of medically assisted procreation; and the case of adoption. In the appendix: Opionion No. 2/1999 The transplantation of organs. Booklet 5 Harpes, J.-P.; Wagner, E. (Luxembourg. Commission consultative nationale d'ethique pour les sciences de la vie et de la santé [C.N.E.], 2000)