Marital Decisions of Low-Income Mothers: Considering Economic Factors and Partner Quality
Marriage has been declining in popularity. Less than 56 percent of adults were married in 2005; a substantial decrease from 1960, when over 67 percent of adults were married (Center for Marriage and Families, 2005). This is a problematic trend; marriage provides important social and health benefits, and it can be economically beneficial, especially for low-income women. A troubling fact though is that poor single-mothers are significantly less likely to marry than their more financially secure counterparts (McLaughlin and Lichter, 1997). Some argue that these women avoid marriage because of a disincentive effect of means-tested transfers. Others, noting that low-income women often express a desire to marry, hypothesize that poor women value marriage and will avoid marrying their partner if he is unfit. This study, using data from the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Survey, examines the underlying motivations and factors that low-income mothers take into account when they choose to marry their partner. Specifically, does welfare reduce the likelihood of marriage among poor women? Or do less-than-attractive partner characteristics play a more important role in her decision? I find that teenage mothers are less likely to marry than non-teen mothers, and that African American mothers are less likely to marry their partners than the average non African American mother. I also found that there was no significant effect of partner economic or parental quality on a woman's likelihood of marriage, and that the threat of losing welfare benefits was not a barrier to marriage among respondents.
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Inequitable Access to Assisted Reproductive Technology for the Low-Income Brazilian Population: A Qualitative Study Makuch, María Y; Simônia de Padua, Karla; Petta, Carlos A; Duarte Osis, Maria José; Bahamondes, Luis (2011-08)In Brazil, access to infertility care, including assisted reproductive technology (ART) is restricted. This is a second report of a study which evaluated the availability and access of low-income couples to ART services. ...