Active Euthanasia/Assisted Suicide
McCarrick, Pat Milmoe
Although the President’s Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavioral Research in its 1983 report, Deciding to Forego Life-Sustaining Treatment, described the words and terms “euthanasia,” “right to die,” and “death with dignity” as slogans or code words—“empty rhetoric,” (I, U.S. p. 24), the literature reviewed for this Scope Note continues to use these terms. Therefore, to discuss the termination of a patient’s life by a physician at the patient’s request, the phrase active euthanasia is used, and the supplying of a means by a physician whereby a patient can end his or her life is referred to as assisted suicide.
Bioethics Research Library, Kennedy Institute of Ethics, Georgetown University