McCarrick, Pat Milmoe
Coutts, Mary Carrington
The word eugenics (from the Greek eugenes or "...good in stock, hereditarily endowed with noble qualities") was coined in 1883 by Francis Galton in his Inquiries into the Human Faculty. An Englishman and cousin of Charles Darwin, Galton applied Darwinian science to develop theories about heredity and good or noble birth. (V. Galton 1883; 1907, p. 17);( I. Kevles 1985, pp. 3-19). "Eugenics is a word with nasty connotations but an indeterminate meaning." (I. Paul, 1998, p. 99).The first edition of the Encyclopedia of Bioethics' entry for eugenics notes that the term has had different meanings over time: "...a science that investigates methods to ameliorate the genetic composition of the human race, a program to foster such betterment; a social movement; and in its perverted form, a pseudo-scientific retreat for bigots and racists" (V, Ludmerer 1978, p. 457).
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