Bioethics and Cloning, Part 1
Bishop, Laura Jane
“Clone” is a collective noun (I, Stewart 1997, p. 771). A collective noun names a group and is composed of individual members, such as “herd” or “flock.” Derived from the Greek klôn for twig or slip, “clone” was first used in biology to describe the aggregate of asexually produced progeny of an individual, either naturally occurring or man-made; the definition later expanded to mean a group of genetically identical members who originate from a single ancestor. Thus, a clone is a group that results from the process of asexual reproduction.
This is Part 1 of a two-part Scope Note on Bioethics and Cloning. The two parts were published consecutively in the September and December 2002 issues of the Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal.
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