HOUSING POLICY AND SOCIO-ECONOMIC RESIDENTIAL SEGREGATION: THE CASE OF BUENOS AIRES, ARGENTINA
Current and past housing policy in Buenos Aires has not been effective for the social insertion of the poor, because, by focusing primarily on the provision of housing, it has not attempted to reduce residential segregation and mitigate the consequences of living in a poor neighborhood. Despite inclusive urban policy aiming to create a balanced distribution of social classes throughout the city and the prioritization of pro-poor housing options from 1900-mid 1950s, Argentina has been experiencing polarizing tendencies since the 1960s, these becoming more acute in the 1980s and 90s. As a result, residential segregation in the city has increased and a housing shortage has persisted. In response to this situation, the state's general housing policy response throughout Argentina has focused on the construction of public housing complexes, which has contributed to the poor's urban isolation by concentrating poverty in undesirable neighborhoods. Lessons on more inclusive housing options can be taken from the United States, and select European and Latin American countries, but desegregation policies are extremely immature throughout the world. This investigation constitutes a state of the art study, in which extensive research was conducted to reconstruct current and historical housing and urban policy in Buenos Aires, in order to provide a stepping stone for more empirical work on this topic in the region.
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