Turkey's Democratic Experience: An Exceptional Case in the Muslim World
Altmire, Bryan Edward
The development of democratic political intuitions and a culture of democracy have proven unsuccessful in nearly all Muslim countries with very few notable exceptions. Turkey is one of these exceptional cases. Turkey's unique democratic experience is attributable to several internal and external factors. The most significant internal factors are: the legacy of the Ottoman Era; a secular ethos; and a strong military as the guardian of the secular character of the Turkish Republic. Most notably, among the external factors are: the Ottoman Empire's proximity to Europe and interactions through the European State System; membership in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO); and special relations with the European Union (EU). This Thesis is an analysis of how these factors have contributed to Turkey's success in building a relatively democratic political system.
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