The Location of Government-Assisted Affordable Housing: factors influencing recent siting decisions in Florida
Cushman, Nathaniel Scott
This thesis builds on prior literature by examining the impact of various factors on the location of new privately-owned, publicly-subsidized affordable housing in Florida. This thesis reports the results of three probit models based on data from the Assisted Housing Inventory (AHI), a dataset compiled by the Florida Housing Data Clearinghouse (FHDC), and the 2000 Census. In particular, this thesis examines the relationship between renter households' rent burden and the location of affordable housing meant, at least in part, to address this need. Presently, this relationship is underdeveloped in the literature. The continued importance of neighborhood factors related to race, socioeconomic status, and urban ecology are considered, as they have been shown to be significant by prior literature.The statistical models presented show that rental burden plays a smaller role in the location of new affordable housing relative to the other factors previously studied in the literature. This thesis also considers whether this mismatch is desirable as a matter of policies. In addressing these questions, this thesis presents correlations between rental burden and other neighborhood factors, as preliminary descriptive statistics. These statistics and the results of the statistical models suggest that policies consciously designed to increase the amount of new affordable housing built in neighborhoods where a high percentage of renters experience a moderate rental burden may be warranted. Finally, further research into into two topics is warranted to address this policy question: (1) The relationship between rental burden and affordable housing location; and, (2) The distribution of rental burden and the nature of neighborhoods with high rates of rental burden.
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