FRAGMENTING VALUES: EXPLORING POLICY IMPLEMENTATION PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
There is an unwavering consensus that the United States is a nation of laws extolled by its founders. These laws are the guiding principles that inspire and empower its legislative policymakers. These policymakers are elected to represent all of their constituents and make policies that are beneficial to them. In social science, the law of unintended consequences is an outcome not purposely planned and consequently in public policy, it is often cited as a rationale for an unfavorable outcome.People often welcome and celebrate the passage of new laws dedicated to solving particular social and economic issues, however many know too well that upon implementation these laws begin to unravel. This implies that policy implementation analysis is missing a meaningful structural foundation for gauging policy failures and possible solutions for improving performance. This thesis will look at the field of policy implementation in order to understand the concerns of many about their governments unbelievable inability to deliver tangible results, specifically in cases where programs and initiatives are widely supported by their constituents.What are the socio-economic structures of these policy processes and what are the social impact and ramifications of public policy? What are the effects of interest group lobbyists on the creation of public policy and legislation? How can citizens become more actively engaged in this process? We will explore in more detail specific questions of implementation; moreover, the notion that the federal macro-implementation problems can be distinguished from the local micro-implementation problems due to its institutional setting. These assertions, assumptions and opinions on why policy implementation problems exist and persist will fervently be challenged and analyzed. It will also evaluate why consideration should be given to the various challenges and constraints of policy implementation during the formulation and implementation stage and explore the social ramifications of public policy by analyzing the structural components of formulation and implementation analysis through the lens of education policy.This includes the history of school consolidation, testing, and charter schools and the patterns and rationale for implementing socially inept policies. In relation to the educational perimeters of this thesis, educational mechanisms will be explored; for example the quantitative and qualitative effects of the Servicemen's Readjustment Act of 1944 (G.I. Bill) in order to look at how race, class, and cultural positions become institutionalized in the new ecology of inequality through the school system. Following a detailed overview of the topics and phases of implementation analysis, this paper will develop a case study outlining my proposal of a Strategic Policy Assessment Initiative process created in order to purposely analyze, investigate, and report on implementing agencies' level of policy compliance and explore the applicability of incorporating Lean Six Sigma principles among other disciplines in order to illustrate that policies cannot solve structural social inequalities and implementation issues without measuring some of the systematic implementation deficiencies.
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Proposed Model Federal Policy for Protection of Human Subjects; Response to the First Biennial Report of the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine and Biomedical and Behavior Research; Notice of Proposed Model Policy for Department/agency Implementation Unknown author (United States. Office of Science and Technology Policy. [OSTP]. Executive Office of the President, 1986-06-03)