WAR AND ITS IMPACT ON INNOVATION: A CROSS-NATIONAL STUDY
Willén, Alexander Lars Philip
Despite its potential value to policy-makers, empirical research concerned with the causal effect of war on innovation is scarce. This is unfortunate, as such research would not only facilitate cost-benefit analyses of war, but given the value of technological progress in endogenous growth models, it would also aid economic growth analyses in conflict-prone nations. Using data from the Correlates of War Project and the World Intellectual Property Organization, this paper aspires to address this knowledge gap by investigating the relationship between war and innovation through ordinary least squares regressions that control for both time and country fixed effects. Following pre-existing literature, patent grants are used as a proxy variable for the domestic rate of innovation. Although this study fails to identify a statistically significant relationship between engagement in war and patent grants in any particular year, the results suggest that patent grants are strongly associated with past engagement in war. Specifically, the study finds evidence suggesting that there is a negative relationship between past engagement in war and both residential and nonresidential patent grants. However, disparate results from the various regression specifications imply that these findings are not unassailable. Hence, although this study provides greater insight into a relationship fairly unexplored by the research community, additional research is necessary to conclusively determine the relationship between war and innovation.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Pentecostalism and social development : a cross-national study of the impact of Pentecostals on child mortality in less developed countries Mallonee, Nathaniel Stephen. (Georgetown University, 2010)