I Want to Ride My Bicycle: The Relationship between Bicycle Infrastructure and Commuting by Car In U.S. Cities
In American cities over the last several years, bicycle ridership and related infrastructure have surged upward as traffic congestion has steadily worsened. Policymakers see additional bicycle-specific infrastructure as a way to decrease the adverse effects of congestion on the road and promote the health and economic benefits that result from bicycle riding. While much scholarship studies the impact of bicycle lanes and trails on bicycle ridership, little research assesses the relationship between the existence of bicycle lanes and trails and rates of commuting by car. Using city-year panel data from 2007, 2009, and 2011, this analysis examines the possible association between bicycle infrastructure per square mile and rates of commuting by car in 51 U.S. cities. While fixed effects models do not provide evidence of a statistically significant relationship between bicycle infrastructure and commuting by car, regular multiple regression suggests a weak negative relationship between these two variables.
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