Extending the ABC's: The Relative Influence of Peers, Family, and School on a Student's Likelihood of Dropping out of High School
High school dropouts pose an enormous social and economic cost to society, and while current policy initiatives in education are moving in the right direction, few explicitly tackle this issue. Extensive research has shown that certain early warning signals (poor attendance, unsatisfactory behavior, poor coursework performance) are strong predictors of dropout. Newer studies have attempted to map the dynamic set of factors driving dropout. This paper extends the early warning signals framework (the ABC's) by including explanatory variables for student drive, school experience, influence of friends/peers, and parents' goals for their child (DEFG). Each factor (with the exception of school experience) is a strong predictor of dropout, and the model has strong explanatory power (r2=.213). These results indicate a need to include multiple factors in dropout prevention programs and increase focus on the student's experiences both in and out of school.
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