THE EFFECT OF NEIGHBORHOOD BUILT ENVIRONMENT ON NEIGHBORHOOD SATISFACTION
Based on the data from U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development's American Housing Survey 2009, this study explains the relationship between built environment and neighborhood satisfaction. I hypothesize that undesirable built environment is related to lower levels of neighborhood satisfaction, and desirable built environment is associated to higher levels of neighborhood satisfaction; and that higher levels of development are associated with lower levels of neighborhood satisfaction.My findings support most of my hypothesis. They indicate that undesirable built environment is related to lower levels of neighborhood satisfaction, but the effects of desirable built environment are more complicated. In general, desirable built environment is indeed associated with higher levels of neighborhood satisfaction. In the case of particular elements of desirable built environment, however, if the related problems exceed the benefits, the component may be associated with lower levels of neighborhood satisfaction. Finally, as expected, higher levels of development are related to lower levels of neighborhood satisfaction. Also, depending on the level of development, identical components of built environment can function differently.These findings suggest that policy makers should consider levels of development and the benefits and problems of each component of built environment when they plan to intervene in a neighborhood. By doing so, they can provide more customized built environments, increasing residents' life satisfaction as well as neighborhood satisfaction.
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