DESEANDO PERTENECER: MEMORIA Y MIGRACIÓN EN LA OBRA DE POETAS MAPUCHE Y PUNEÑOS CONTEMPORÁNEOS
This dissertation examines the interaction of two main themes in the work of contemporary poets of Chile and Peru: migration and "re-indigenization". Jaime Huenún and David Aniñir, urban Mapuche poets, and Gloria Mendoza and Boris Espezúa, poets from Puno, try to overcome their sense of displacement and marginalization through the remembrance of past Mapuche and Andean communities. My thesis is that their works express what Antonio Cornejo-Polar has termed a "migrant subject" who seeks to overcome an identity crisis through a process of "re-indigenization" in an attempt to renew the worldview, tradition, and memory of these indigenous communities. From a comparative point of view, this research presents the terms "la memoria mapuche" y "lo andino" as the key concepts that allow us to reflect upon the process that returns a sense of wholeness and belonging to the work of the poets. They all have in common the need to recover fundamental traits of their cultural past (ritual, tradition, community) through their poetry. I also explore the concepts of third space and deterritorialization, inspired by the theorizations of Homi Bhabha, Gilles Deleuze, and Félix Guattari; the transformation of the Andes into an intimate sphere according to Estelle Tarica; and utopia and double consciousness, aided by the theories of Ernst Bloch and W.E.B. Du Bois.