|dc.description.abstract||The papers of E. Clinton Bamberger Jr. document Bamberger's career as a legal services administrator, educator, and advocate. The collection, to some extent, also documents the history of legal services in the United States from the mid 1960's through the mid 1990's. And while some items such as articles and neighborhood law office handbooks and manuals pre-date the mid-1960's, the collection essentially begins with Bamberger's arrival on the scene as the first Director of the Legal Services Program (LSP) within the Office of Economic Opportunity (OEO). The collection covers his career as the first director of OEO/LSP, and later as the Executive Vice President of the Legal Services Corporation (LSC), the entity that evolved out of Legal Services' need for political autonomy. The collection also follows Bamberger's work as an educator at Columbus School of Law at The Catholic University of America, at the Legal Services Institute in Boston, at the School of Law of the University of Maryland, and also internationally as an educator and advisor of legal services.
In 1965 Bamberger became the first Director of the Legal Services Program within the Office of Economic Opportunity. The collection documents OEO's establishment in 1964, as part of the Economic Opportunity Act, and subsequent amendments made to the 1964 Act. Many of the speeches delivered by Bamberger while Director of LSP are included in the collection. The collection documents the political and philosophical attacks on LSP made by members of the political right: Reagan as Governor of California and Nixon as U.S. President, for example. Conservatives disapproved of federally funded suits against the government and favored a program called Judicare as an alternate method of legal services delivery. The collection contains materials related to the California Rural Legal Assistance (CRLA) case in which Reagan, as Governor of California, attempted to block OEO funds. In addition to these materials, there are materials which document Wisconsin as a test state for Judicare. Judicare was a program that would provide funds to private attorneys who in turn would provide counsel to those in need. This was a departure from the traditional model of having local offices staffed with legal services attorneys, who would dedicate their full efforts to legal services.
By the late 1960's, it became apparent that Legal Services required political autonomy. Much discussion and debate occurred as to the fate of OEO/LSP, and by the early 1970's the Legal Services Corporation (LSC) concept was formulated. The Legal Services Corporation would be an autonomous yet federally funded corporation. The hope was that LSC would be free from the political pressure that OEO/LSP had been susceptible to. After several failed attempts (including vetoes by the Nixon Administration) The Legal Services Corporation was chartered in 1974, and it began operations in 1975. The Nixon Administration essentially dismantled OEO. Bamberger became the first Executive Vice President of LSC. LSC carried on much the same work as OEO/LSP. Regarding LSC, the Bamberger papers focus primarily on the Congressionally mandated Delivery Systems Study , the Backup or Support Centers Study, and other studies related to LSC operations and management.
In 1979 Bamberger left LSC to become an attorney and educator at the Legal Services Institute (LSI) in Boston. The Institute functioned as a legal services office, while providing real world clinical training to third year law school students from Harvard and Northeastern Universities. This material and the material Bamberger acquired while a professor of law at The Catholic University of America and the University of Maryland, consist(s) mainly of educational and training documents related to the provision of legal services. Also included are materials related to professional ethics and professional responsibility, and materials related to the issue of law school students (via law school clinics) as deliverers of legal services.
Internationally, Bamberger acted as an advocate and an advisor on the provision of legal services. The collection contains a wealth of materials related to legal services in several countries, most notably: Australia, Canada, South Africa, Micronesia, and The United Kingdom. Bamberger's subject files contain documents related to specific subjects including: Judicare and group legal services, professional ethics, and access to legal counsel.”||en