AMERICA'S WAR ON TERROR: ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY AND POLICY OUTCOMES
Palarino Ph.D., R. Nicholas
The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001 in New York City, Washington D.C. and Pennsylvania altered the United State's counter terrorism strategy. After having debated terrorism policy with little resolution following the first attack on the World Trade Center in 1983, the Government reacted aggressively to the September 11, 2001 attacks. The U.S. intelligence and military forces launched a worldwide offensive against al Qa'ida using all of the tools at their disposal. Including, private sector companies established to provide security support, staff augmentation and strategic planning.Since September 11, 2001 (9/11) private firms have remained essential to the mission and have been given high level access to Government personnel and information. The counter terrorism efforts have created an industry of defense contractors who are increasingly replacing civil servants in various positions, including analysts, administrators, and security forces.Similar to the U.S., Israel and Great Britain have long histories combating terrorist activities. Israel is surrounded by enemies while Great Britain has a terrorist threat based in Ireland that traces its roots back over hundreds of years. The U.S. anti-terrorism plans are complex and increasingly reliant on private security firms.The governments of U.S., Great Britain and Israeli have incorporated private firms into their daily operations across all levels of their respective bureaucracies. It is important to examine how the use of these firms translates into public policy and determine any economic benefits for the respective governments. This comparison shows that the U.S. has created a niche industry to support counter terrorism activities either in support roles or through direct impact; similar to Israel and Great Britain.I researched the private security industry supporting the U.S. Government in counter terrorism efforts; focusing on the post 9/11 period. Private contractors are expected to be timely and economically efficient for the Federal Government. There have been negative events that undermine the efficiency argument and call in to question as to whether the private sector does a better job of producing beneficial public policy outcomes.Israel has been coping with and addressing terrorism for decades. The United States should consider and learn from Israel's experiences. Similar to the U.S., Israel uses private contractors to support the government in various day to day activities. The government of Israel supports the use of defense contractors, however, they have internal struggles with opening their public sector to the defense firms due to security concerns. Additionally, Great Britain's counter terrorism response in comparison to the U.S. is very similar. Both countries share a history and culture which strengthens their bond.Ultimately this thesis shows the unique defense contracting strategies used by the U.S., Great Britain and Israel. Each country has a complicated history in this area and they each need to develop more efficient outsourcing policies and strategies. This will include vetting firms to ensure the selection of a qualified firm to work in the public sector.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Downs, Anna (Georgetown University, 2013)Increasingly, states are formalizing energy efficiency policies. In 2010, states required utilities to budget $5.5 billion through ratepayer-funded energy efficiency programs, investing in both electricity and natural gas ...