How Does Family Income Dictate the Labor Force Participation Behavior of Married Women?
This paper analyzes the relationship between labor force participation of married women and family income. This study tests the hypothesis that in the United States, the probability of becoming a full-time housewife is positively related to family income.Nowadays, many U.S. women face the family-work decision after marriage. Many married women found that they can create more values at home than working in the labor market. This study analyzes how much family income influences married women's decisions on participating in the labor market.This thesis uses several regression models to analyze the quantitative relationship between married female labor force participation and family income with recent U.S. national data. It also examines whether the sensitivity of labor force participation of married women to family income differs by income group. The regression results demonstrate that there is a negative correlation between family income and married female labor force participation and the sensitivities varied by income group. That is, the negative relationship between income and work is more clearly visible among high income families. It illustrate to policy makers that it is important to work incentives to consider targeting income groups when making tax policies and welfare policies. If policies are not made appropriately, a number of well-educated women could leave labor market. It is a great loss of human capital and will raise gender inequality in the labor market. This study uses data from the 2013 Current Population Survey, March supplement.
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Zheng, Sihan (Georgetown University, 2018)The entertainment and recreation industry is an emerging industry, and boosts the economy in an unprecedented way. Married women’s labor force participation affects household behaviors in many ways, including the recreation ...